India remittances to hit $100 billion during 2022
New Delhi, December 2
India will be the first country in the world to receive $100 billion from remittances during 2022, the World Bank has said.
Though remittances to the rest of the South Asian countries declined by 10 per cent, they rose by 12 per cent in India’s case. “Remittances to South Asia grew an estimated 3.5 per cent to $ 163 billion in 2022, but there is large disparity across countries, from India’s projected 12 per cent gain—which is on track to reach $100 billion in receipts for the year–to Nepal’s 4% increase, to an aggregate decline of 10% for the region’s remaining countries,’’ said the World Bank report of remittances.
Remittances worldwide during 2022 are estimated at $ 94 billion. South Asia receives the most remittances that are estimated at $163 billion in 2022, of which India’s share will be $100 million. In terms of regions, Latin America & Caribbean comes second with $142 billion.
The easing of flows reflects the discontinuation of special incentives some governments had introduced to attract flows during the pandemic, as well as preferences for informal channels offering better exchange rates, said the report.
Remittances to India were enhanced by wage hikes and a strong labor market in the US and other OECD countries. In the Gulf Cooperation Council destination countries, governments ensured low inflation through direct support measures that protected migrants’ ability to remit. Sending $ 200 to the region cost 4.1 per cent on average in the second quarter of 2022, down from 4.3 per cent a year ago.
Remittances to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) withstood global headwinds in 2022, growing an estimated 5 per cent. This is sharply lower than the 10.2 per cent increase in 2021, according to the latest World Bank Migration and Development Brief.
Remittances are a vital source of household income for low income countries as they held alleviate poverty, improve nutritional outcomes, and are associated with increased birth weight and higher school enrollment rates for children in disadvantaged households. Studies show that remittances help recipient households to build resilience, for example through financing better housing and to cope with the losses in the aftermath of disasters.
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