Heineken says it’s leaving Russia, following rival Carlsberg.

The Dutch brewer Heineken announced Monday that it was getting out of Russia, a move that highlights the pressure multinational firms are facing to go beyond merely pausing operations in the country and follows in the footsteps of Heineken’s rival Carlsberg.

Heineken’s strategy in Russia has evolved as the war has stretched into a second month. The Dutch company first said it would stop new investments and exports to Russia, and then, about three weeks ago, it said it would stop making, advertising and selling Heineken products there.

On Monday, it signaled a more definitive break from Russia. “We have concluded that Heineken’s ownership of the business in Russia is no longer sustainable nor viable in the current environment,” the company said. Heineken will continue reduced operations in Russia — for the safety of its employees and to “minimize the risk of nationalization,” or being brought under state ownership, the beer maker said — until it can find a buyer for the business.

Facing sanctions and a corporate exodus, President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia has threatened to take control of Western businesses’ assets in the country.

Heineken’s departure also illustrates how companies are trying to balance fealty to shareholders, employees and society. Heineken’s decision followed a similar path to that of the Danish brewer Carlsberg, which has a much bigger exposure to Russia than the Dutch company. Carlsberg said last week that it was also seeking to sell its Russian business.

Heineken said it would guarantee pay for its 1,800 employees in Russia through the end of the year. Pulling out of Russia will cost Heineken, which has about 82,000 workers across the world, about 400 million euros, according to the company.

The public’s shifting expectations of companies have informed the corporate response to Russia’s war in Ukraine. For instance, although Heineken was criticized for continuing to brew beer in Rwanda during the genocide there, it didn’t face as much of a backlash. And Coca-Cola sold drinks in Nazi Germany.

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